Thonet and his chair 14, a pioneer of industrial design

Michel was the famous creator Thonet chairs and furniture bearing his name: light, elegant curved and are still highly prized. He is considered the inventor of the rocker and precursor of the industrial system to make furniture.

Thonet, a German of entrepreneurship

Michel Thonet was born in Germany in Boppard, in 1796. The son of a master carpenter, he followed in the footsteps of his father and was established as a professional in 1830. Innovative and visionary, he sought to cheapen the production of furniture eliminating costly chiseled steps and unions assembled and ended up working with curved wood-based heat and water and screw connections.

The first cabinet was successful Thonet chair Boppard in 1836. At the London International Wine Fair 1840 obtained the bronze medal, which serves for that is known internationally. At the International Fair in Paris he received the medal was the silver.

It was not all a bed of roses.

A positive development in his life was his meeting in 1941, at the Fair of Koblenz, with the Austrian prince, Klemmes von Metternick that after learning of his creations, designs and Thonet chairs invited him to the Viennese court to work on the decoration of the Liechtenstein Palace .

Thonet patented his system curved wood

He patented his system of bending wood hot in the same year in which he presented also its chair Thonet No. 1. The method consisted of mixing sheets of wood and glue in a mass that form was given by the heat and water vapor, more or less easy and that by molds, could acquire a little more complex forms.

In 1849, Michael Thonet Gebrüder Thonet Vienna founded his company. After a few years, and overwhelmed by the production, they had to build a larger factory installed in the Czech Republic, in Moravia. He was also to acquire a glue factory.

From then until his death, everything was a rising path then continued their sons, marking a milestone in a chair design is concerned.

Chair No. 14, Thonet furniture emblem

The chair No 14 has become the emblem of the Thonet furniture. When it was created it was a revolution in the history of the woodwork for its simple design and an extremely competitive price. It is also known as the Café chair or 214.

Made in six different parts, the chair 14 responded, as Thonet rehearsed its predecessors, three basic criteria: easy to store, easy to transport and easy assembly, based on nuts and bolts, so that it is not needed craftsman for assembly. That pretty cheapened their selling price.

Michael Thonet precursor was also manufacture in series

The chair was an unprecedented success and estimated figures speak of sales of 50 million units between 1860 and 1930, thanks to its production. Another novelty was the seat of raffia that made more practical and less problematic if stained with liquid.

The Thonet brand is currently working on creating designs, modern, adapted to the times but adjusting to the brand image. Continue to be made reproductions and the old, original Thonet chairs are highly prized pieces today.

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